An interview is a meeting of people in a face-to-face situation. In common parlance, the word interview refers to a one-on-one conversation. This is done with one person acting in the role of interviewer and another in the role of the interviewee. The interviewer is the person taking the interview, he/she asks the questions and seek an answer to the questions. The interviewee is the respondent and answers all the questions.
Several definitions of an interview given by various people
1. According to Burns
An interview is a verbal interchange, often face-to-face, through telephone may be used, in which an interviewer tries to elicit info, beliefs or opinions from another person.
2. According to Monette
An interview involves interviewer reading questions to respondents and recording their answers.
Any person to person interaction, either face to face or otherwise, between two or more individuals. The interaction is done with a specific purpose in mind and is called an Interview.
Two types of interviews
1. Personal Interview
It is conducted face-to-face. The interviewer follows a particular procedure to seek answers from the interviewee. The answers are sought to a set of preconceived questions. This is carried out in a structured format
2. Telephonic Interview
As the name suggests, the interview is carried out over the telephone. The interviewer contacts the respondent and asks questions over the phone.
An interview consists of both open-ended and close-ended questions. Open-ended is descriptive, elaborative questions that need to be answered in detail. Close-ended questions are short questions. Their answer can be yes or no.
Interviews are the way of impressing your experiences and personality upon an unknown entity. Using this method, you can start a conversation with the person. Further, ask them a few things you wish to know about that person. It is an excellent way to communicate with one another and seek answers from the person.
Interviews are important. Interviews play an important part in the selection of the candidate. While recruiting a person for the job, one has to pass the interview round. It is a way to know the person better, test the communication skills, test the thinking of the person.
Too many candidates believe that a call for the interview ensures your job. But this is not the case.
Interview Preparation: Points to remember before going for the interview
⇒ Research well about the company, its operation, and its work. Nothing worse than not knowing what the company is all about where you wish to work.
⇒ Prepare the answers to the most frequently asked questions. Like where do you see yourself in the next 5 years, why you want to join this company.
⇒ Also, prepare yourself to answer questions about the company.
⇒ Work on your body language. Do not show tension. Don’t give away your anxiety
⇒ Dress properly for the interview. You should either wear formals or Indian when going for the interview.
⇒ Know the timings of the interview and reach before time. Getting late for the interview gives away a bad impression.
⇒ Carry all the necessary things required and asked by you to carry like a resume, passport sized photographs.
Why Interview Preparation?
⇒ Preparing for an Interview is a good practice as then questions can be answered well. Also, it gives us an idea about the questions that will be asked. For example, the information given in the CVs, about the company, etc. and you answer the questions confidently.
⇒ Preparation adds confidence to your personality. The body language reflects it and is a positive sign while appearing for the interview.
⇒ If you have prepared for the interview, you will feel relaxed and will be calmer before giving the interview. If your mind is calm you exactly know what to answer and what not to. You are in a position to face any question creatively otherwise you will be nervous and will break down.
⇒ Interview Preparation helps to score more over the others. The interview is a communication process, preparation gives you the advantage to communicate a confident manner. These are the reasons which make interview preparation is a good practice.