Oftentimes confused as the same thing, AI (Artificial Intelligence) and Robotics are, in actuality, vastly different fields. To put things in perspective, below is a Venn diagram representing the difference between Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.
The above image depicts that the confusion between AI and robotics generally arises due to the area that reads “Artificially intelligent robots” (the overlapping portion). However, as is evident there are a lot of areas that are not overlapping as well.
To add further perspective, if AI is the brain that “thinks” complex tasks, robot, on the other hand, is the body that “physically” performs that complex task. (This analogy is generally for the overlapping portion of the above Venn diagram and may not be hard and fast).
A robot may or may not necessarily have the power of thinking. However, it is generally believed that if the robot has some sort of thinking capability it generally has a certain degree of Artificial intelligence. This primarily sums up the relation between AI and robotics(on the similarity aspect).
In layman terms, robotics is defined as a machine, programmed to carry out a task or two. They are majorly autonomous or semi-autonomous. That is they can carry the tasks assigned with relative autonomy and with minimal human intervention.
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)
On the other hand, AI is a branch of computer sciences. It requires developing computer programs to perform tasks. Otherwise, it would have needed human intelligence. Problem-solving, understanding language, and logical reasoning are some of the tasks that can be performed through AI.
Learning and perception related tasks use AI programmings.
Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
1. PHYSICAL FORM
More often than not, robots need to have a physical form. Hence robotics as a field generally deals with machines having a physical form. Whereas, since Artificial Intelligence is mostly a program, it does not necessarily need a physical form.
However, this is not to say that robots cannot occur outside a physical form. For instance, the use of basic chatbots on few websites. In short, generally, Robots are hardware whereas AI is software.
Robotics deals with robots that may or may not have the intelligence of their own, whereas Artificial intelligence by the name itself implies intelligence.
For example, Intelligence is not needed for industrial robots which are mostly used for moving objects mechanically or for performing repetitive tasks. They exist independent of Artificial Intelligence. Whereas other robots, like Sophia(an intelligent robot), are making use of the principles of Artificial Intelligence to perform complex tasks and thinking activities.
AI is a novel and next-generation technology that is much more advanced in comparison to the traditional robotics (robots) technology.
In a way, AI is the integration of machines and intelligence. The design of AI greatly enhances the capabilities of traditional machines.
The general applications of Robots include:
a) Industrial Applications
We use robots for basic industrial applications like lifting, welding, handling material, etc.
b) Military and Medicine
Robots are generally used in diverse fields like military and medicine fields. Not to mention, in the military, they can be used to perform robust tasks. Likewise, in a field like medicine, they can be used to conduct minute and precise procedures.
Other applications are in the field of entertainment etc.
General applications of AI are in the field of:
a) Speech Recognition
AI systems detect different languages and speech patterns.
Gaming is another field that widely employs AI technologies. Advanced games like tic-tac-toe, chess, etc. can be enabled through AI.
c) Vision and Aid systems
Vision systems like drones and in services like aid, advice, etc uses AI programmings.
The above covers the general difference between robotics and AI. Robotics deals with Robots, both intelligent and non-intelligent, AI, on the other hand, is a technology touted as the next generation of Robotics which lies at the intersection of Robotics and Intelligence.
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