What Is & How To Be A Forensic Scientist?

how to choose a career in forensic science

I assume you are looking to become a forensic scientist or considering it as your career option. So, I hope that you know of some scientific terms used in this writing. Or if you are just inspired by Dr. Salunkhe from CID 😛 then I would suggest you use an online dictionary. This blog will help you understand how to choose a career in forensic science?

First, what is forensic science and what does a forensic scientist do?

The term forensic science involves forensic, which means a public discussion or debate. In a more modern context, however, the forensic applies to the courts and the judicial system. Combine it with forensic science and you mean applying scientific methods and processes to solve the crime. 

The field of forensic medicine comes from several scientific branches, including physics, chemistry, and biology. It focuses on the identification and evaluation of physical evidence. It has become an important part of the justice system. As It uses a wide range of sciences to get information related to criminal and legal evidence.

Forensic science may prove the existence of a crime, the perpetrator of a crime, or a connection to the crime through the:

  • Examination of physical evidence
  • Administration of tests
  • Interpretation of data
  • Clear and concise reporting
  • Truthful testimony of a forensic scientist

Forensic scientists conduct physical and chemical analysis of the evidence. Evidence is collected by crime scene investigators and law enforcement officials. 

These scientific experts use microscopic examination techniques, complex instruments, mathematical principles, scientific principles and references to analyze evidence. They determine class and individual characteristics.

Most forensic scientists perform work in forensic laboratories or morgues. Their work may also bring them to crime scenes outside the laboratory where they observe the scene and gather evidence. Forensic scientists can work at local, state and federal law enforcement agencies and government, private laboratories, and hospitals. They may also serve as independent forensic science advisers.

We may divide forensic scientists  into three major groups:

  • Forensic pathologists: These include medical examiners and other professionals who supervise autopsy and clinical forensic examination
  • Forensic scientists: These include forensic professionals working in law enforcement, government or private forensic laboratories. They handle many specific tests and analyzes, such as toxicology, ballistics, traces of evidence, and so on
  • Associated Scientists: These scientists use knowledge to forensic science, such as forensic dentists, forensic botanists, forensic anthropologists etc. They apply their knowledge to provide researchers with vital information. Which can be related from bite marks to insect infestation. 

Although forensic science may be complex research, especially in DNA and trace evidence. Forensic research, for example, is based on the basic concepts and techniques collected from the natural sciences. In particular, forensic research involves a multidisciplinary approach that covers everything from biological methods to analytical chemistry.

Most forensic scientists study specific physical sciences, such as chemistry or biology. But others may seek rooted in chemical or biological forensic science degrees.

After all this Gyaan, here comes the main point. How to be a Forensic Scientist? Or how to solve cases like Dr. Salunkhe with ACP Pradyuman 😉

First thing first… A professional degree!

There is a need for a degree in chemistry, analytical chemistry or biology. These courses give you a solid grasp of the analytical skills.  As well as other skills required in the scientific and laboratory and forensic science professions.

These courses also keep many other career options open. In case you change your mind or find it hard to get a job as a forensic scientist after graduation.

Forensic science degree programs are now fairly common. But it is important to check whether the course content fits the career you want to pursue. For example, does it include enough time in the laboratory to satisfy future employers?

Next comes the practical learning. So pursue a Training Program!

Upon the completion of a degree program, pursue technician or trainee positions under the supervision of a senior forensic scientist. Remember on-the-job training is very crucial for any kind of analytical role. Many employers have training programs in place for new graduates while others have specific probationary periods.

Now you need Expertise!

You should be sure to go for certification to achieve professional recognition or access to oversight roles. Professional certification shows the individual’s expertise in forensic science. Most certification programs require specific education and experience requirements and often require a comprehensive examination. Apart from the formal degree and training, these personal qualities are also very important.

Analytical Skills

A forensic scientist must be highly analytical. As analyzing and solving complex problems is the central aspect of his / her work. Forensic scientists use scientific methods and evidence tests to provide law enforcement officials with important information about the case.

An important aspect of the analysis is that it is oriented to detail and can pick out a small information. The analysis process allows a forensic scientist to determine the evidence and link it to suspected scene or person.


Forensic scientists must maintain perfect accuracy in their investigations, such as maintaining impeccable records. They have full responsibility for their findings and may need to report in court cases.

It is also vital in their assessment they expect to maintain law, and that part of the feature is moral. Good Forensic Scientists have a natural desire to report the whole truth, not the truth. This requires ensuring that all tests and written reports are completed accurately and their testimony includes all the information.

Good Communication Skills

Forensic scientists must be superb communicators. If they need to explain their findings as expert witnesses in court. They must also be good writers, so they can prepare these findings in great detail. 

Effective communication skill is an important feature of forensic scientists. Part of their work is the interpretation of complex scientific information in user-friendly terms. Anyone outside the scientific realm can understand.

Last but not the least Emotional Fortitude! It is highly important to maintain your calm and composure.

Working as a forensic scientist requires a strong stomach and the ability to cope with emotional and physical stress. They often investigate violent crimes such as murder, rape, and assault. Further they have to check bloody clothing or view the victim’s body or even visit the crime scene.

In addition, they often analyze evidence of contamination by blood or other body fluids. These items are often ugly and unpleasant. Forensic scientists must remain calm at all times. 

They can maintain rationality, calmness, and professionalism under conditions of high pressure and potential interference. Forensic doctors can not creak, cannot let their emotions get better, regardless of the distressing crime scene or the evidence.

It is really a career with full of thrill so would you like to make a career in this? Comment if you want to.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here